Web Design

What Is Web 3.0? The Future of the Internet, Part 2

By August 1, 2022No Comments

Now, let’s learn a bit more about each part of the history of the Internet.

Web 1.0 (1989-2005)

Web 1.0 started in 1989 and remained active until 2005.

Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989 while working at CERN (Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire, or European Organization for Nuclear Research).

The primary technologies that comprised web 1.0 were:

  • HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
  • HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol)
  • URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

The primary purpose of web 1.0 was to find information. Significantly, web users could not interact freely because it was “read-only,” so any discussion was done offline.

Furthermore, because there were no search engines available during this iteration, navigating the World Wide Web (WWW) was not nearly as simple as it is now. You needed to know the website address (URL) for any site you wanted to visit. As one tech writer recalls, to “browse” the Internet back in the day, “we had to go through FTP file directories screen by screen and hope that the file we wanted was in there somewhere.”

However, by the mid-1990s, Netscape Navigator emerged as the first (or at least first successful) web browser, and pioneered several browser features we still use today:

  • Displaying a web page as it loads
  • Using Javascript to create forms and interactive content
  • Using cookies to keep session information

Alas, Netscape was annihilated by Microsoft during what was known as the browser wars.

Web 2.0 (1999-2012)

Darcy DiNucci first coined the term “web 2.0” in 1999 in her article “Fragmented Future”.

However, it was later popularized by Tim O’Reilly and Dale Dougherty in late 2004.

This is the stage of the web that most of us are familiar with. By 1999, people were starting to be able to engage with each other on the Internet via social media platforms, content blogs, and other services. Eventually, smartphones were created and mobile computing was launched.

People began interacting online in discussion forums and creating content that other Internet users could access and like, comment on or share. This was/is the era of Instagram Influencers and Yelp reviewers and social proof. The read-only mode became outdated, and web 2.0 was now promoted as a platform for interaction.

Web 2.0, as defined by O’Reilly and others between 1999 and 2004, shifted the world away from static desktop web pages created for information usage via expensive servers and toward interactive encounters and user-created content.

Companies such as Uber, Airbnb, Facebook, and other social media platforms arose during the web 2.0 reign.

The Death of Web 2.0 and the Need for Web 3.0

Ultimately, Web 2.0 became more obsolete during the end of 2012, and people were starting to be aware of web 3.0.

Since most of the currently used services were dominated by behemoths such as Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Amazon, it raised some complaints. Customers were given limited management over their data usage, and this raised numerous allegations against these multibillion-dollar corporations and numerous smaller businesses that abound on the Internet.

The blames states that businesses treat users unfairly, take advantage of their data, and put a serious threat on democracy and free speech.

Web 3.0 (2006-ongoing)

In 2006, the term web 3.0 was coined by John Markoff, a reporter for The New York Times.

In many ways, web 3.0 is a return to Berners-Lee’s original Semantic Web concept, in which no central authority approval is required, and no central controlling node exists.

Layers of Web 3.0

Whereas web 2.0 was primarily driven by the introduction of mobile, social and cloud technologies, web 3.0 is powered by three new layers of technological innovation:

  • edge computing
  • decentralization
  • artificial intelligence & machine learning
  • blockchain

Next Part: How does Web 3.0 Works?

Source: https://www.singlegrain.com/web3/web-3-0/

Leave a Reply